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Laws, Policies, & Guidelines

Guidance on Promoting Green Belt and Road

Scope of Application

Guidance for the Chinese Government, financiers, developers, contractors, and others under the umbrella of the BRI.


Offers specific plans to build the BRI and promote green development.

General Key Points

Financiers, Developers, Contractors, and others under the umbrella of the BRI should:

  • Be resource-efficient and environmentally friendly.
  • Promote and strengthen environmental protection to improve mutual understanding and support among host country governments, companies, and populations.
  • Share China’s experience in green development, enhance capacities for environmental protection, and prevent environmental risks.


The Chinese Government should:

  • Develop a support system for cooperation on environmental protection and risk prevention. 
  • Build platforms for communication, dialogue, and information support.
  • Prioritize infrastructure and capability-building projects for energy conservation, emissions reduction, and environmental protection.
  • Encourage the adoption of more advanced and environmentally friendly standards.


Developers and Contractors should:

  • Observe the laws, regulations, policies, and standards of host countries on environmental protection.
  • Prioritize the appeals of the local residents on environmental protection.
Key Points on Stakeholder Engagement

The Chinese Government should:

  • Strengthen cooperation mechanisms and exchange platforms.
  • Build mutually beneficial cooperation networks and platforms, taking into account local demands for green growth and sustainable development
  • Support civil society organizations (CSOs)/nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in carrying out various environmental protection projects.


Developers and Contractors should:

  • Release annual environmental reports.


Chinese Environmental CSOs/NGOs should:

  • Build partnerships with institutions of BRI host countries.
Key Points on Environmental and Social Impact Assessment

The Chinese Government should:

  • Understand the ecological situation and relevant requirements for environmental protection in host countries and regions. 
  • Identify environmentally sensitive and vulnerable areas.
  • Conduct integrated environmental impact assessments (EIAs).
  • Reinforce cooperation on environmental emergencies and early warnings.
  • Sharpen environment risk prevention capabilities.
  • Strengthen environmental management of overseas investment and develop a green financial system. 
  • Provide a consultative service for overseas projects concerning environment risk assessment and prevention.
Applies to
April 2017
Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) (now Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE)), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), and Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)
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