While not directly involved in BRI projects, Multilateral and Third Country Institutions and Agencies can bolster the efforts of civil society organizations (CSOs)/nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and offer assistance to local communities. Multilateral institutions and agencies include the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and other international development finance institutions (DFIs), as well as agencies, programs, and offices within the United Nations (UN). In addition to the Chinese Government and the host country government, the governments of third parties operate overseas development assistance (ODA) programs in many BRI host countries.
Possible Roles and Responsibilities of Multilateral and Third Country Institutions and Agencies:
- Monitor BRI-related policy developments in China, the host country, and other countries around the world.
- Publish reports and articles on the status of projects, activities, laws, regulations, and guidelines related to the BRI.
- Develop international best practices and other resources for financiers, developers, contractors, subcontractors, the Chinese Government, the host country government, and other stakeholders.
- Provide services, strategies, or resources to directly assist local communities, including Indigenous peoples, minorities, women, the elderly, youth, people with disabilities, and other vulnerable groups.
- Advocate for the needs and interests of local communities, particularly vulnerable groups.
- Safeguard the cultural, economic, political, and social rights of local communities.
- Coordinate capacity-building activities for local communities.