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Laws, Policies, & Guidelines

Opinion on Establishing International Commercial Dispute Resolution Mechanisms and Institutions for Belt and Road Projects

Scope of Application

Guidelines for the Chinese Government.


Offers provisions to resolve commercial disputes arising from BRI projects.

Key Points on Stakeholder Engagement

The Chinese Government should:

  • Establish commercial dispute resolution mechanisms and institutions that do the following:
    • Encourage joint planning and openness.
    • Create a fair, just, and efficient business environment.
    • Account for the diversity of stakeholders involved in the BRI and of host countries’ laws and regulations.
    • Protect the rights and interests of Chinese, host country, and other international stakeholders.
Applies to
June 2018
General Office of the State Council
Link to Full Version(s)