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Laws, Policies, & Guidelines

Land Administration Law of the People's Republic of China and Urban Real Estate Administration Law of the People's Republic of China (Amendment)

Scope of Application

Legal requirements for land administrative departments, local governments, and the Chinese Government to administer and supervise all land, as well as for developers and contractors seeking to acquire land.


Offers specific legal measures to amend the Land Administration Law of the People's Republic of China.

General Key Points

The State Council and Agricultural/Rural Departments must:

  • Ensure the amount and quality of productive land does not decrease. 


The Chinese Government could:

  • Expropriate land from farmers to fulfill public interests including but not limited to the construction of infrastructure, provision of public utilities, alleviation of poverty, and urban construction.


Developers and Contractors should:

  • Conclude contracts in accordance with the law, stipulating the rights and obligations of all parties.
Key Points on Stakeholder Engagement

Local Governments must:

  • Investigate the land that has been proposed for acquisition.
  • Conduct a social stability risk assessment.
  • Report information about the scope of land acquisition, the current status of the land, the purpose of land acquisition, compensation standards, resettlement methods, and social security.
Applies to
August 2019
Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Link to Full Version(s)