Discovered by the British in 1767 and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions, in 1838, Pitcairn became the first Pacific island to become a British colony. Today, the island remains one of the few British overseas territories. The island has a very small population of less than 50 people, although at its peak in 1937 there were 233 residents. Most have since migrated to New Zealand.
Sources: BBC, International Crisis Group, CIA World Factbook.
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
Form of Government:
Overseas territory of the UK
Year of Independence:
Seventh-Day Adventist (100%)
47 sq km (29 sq miles)
English (official), Pitkern (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
New Zealand dollar
fruits, vegetables, curios, stamps
GDP - Per Capita (PPP):
International Dialing Code: