On the other hand, in their desire to accelerate domestic sufficiency and economic growth, many developing countries have embraced liberalization -- unsuspecting of its pitfalls and certain rules of the game definitely not to their favor. Their insufficient institutional capacities have been compounded by abusive or incompetent governance, a sheer lack of resources, or a combination of all these.
Human security and international terrorism
The inequity and the unfairness of it all have led to civil wars, insurgency, ethnic cleansing, violent crimes, strong-man regimes, international terrorism -- a virtual explosion of threats to human security -- whose dimensions may have been neglected or overlooked in the quest for globalization, and whose inescapable result is increasing poverty.
At the beginning of the 20th century, people seemed to believe that the growth of economic interdependence, technological progress and social connectivity would bring about future decades of peace and security. Tragically, the 20th century turned out to be one of the bloodiest centuries in human experience.
UNDP's human development report for 1993 (hdr-1993) states that "human security reflects a condition that recognizes the centrality of basic human rights, human capabilities, human development and their links to world peace and stability." Human security means protecting people from critical and pervasive threats and situations. It involves creating political, social, environmental, economic, cultural and public safety systems that together give people the building blocks for survival, livelihood and dignity in their hopes for a better quality of life.
The twin goals of " peace and development" probably describe best mankind's immediate as well as long-term aspirations. On the other hand, a new dimension of development -- which is human security -- has emerged, as advocated by Sadako Ogata, former UN High Commissioner for Refugees, and Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize awardee for development economics.
According to them, human security is concerned with safeguarding and expanding people's vital freedoms. It partakes both of protecting people from critical and pervasive threats and of empowering people to take charge of their own lives. Protection refers to the norms, policies and institutions essential to shield people and requires governments to exercise "top-down" vigilance, especially in insuring the rule of law, democratic governance and public safety.
The "democratization of technology" is equipping the terrorist with a frighteningly sophisticated and powerful array of skills and weapons unimaginable a decade ago. The "democratization of technology" has been diffusing power away from governments, and enabling fanatic individuals and conspirational groups to play powerful roles in world politics -- including that of inflicting massive destruction -- a capability once reserved to government and their armed forces.