The Philippines Under President Aquino
The Philippines Under President Aquino
by Arnel Paciano
MANILA, PHILIPPINES, July 6, 2010 - Benigno Simeon
Aquino III has just been sworn in as the President of the Philippines and is
riding a wave of optimism. But can he resurrect the nation's democracy?
With a clear
mandate from the electorate, he is in a strong position to institute long
overdue reforms. And, unlike his
predecessors, he should be able to craft policies without worrying about
instability or doubts about the legitimacy of his leadership.
‘Noynoy' or ‘P-Noy' -- as he is now fondly called by Filipinos -- has followed a path his late parents
took in service to the country. He
is the son of two of the most enduring icons of Philippine democracy - Ninoy
Aquino, who was assassinated while fighting the dictatorship of Ferdinand
Marcos, and President Cory Aquino, the champion of ‘People Power' that eventually toppled Marcos and
sparked other freedom movements across the world.
For the first
time in 12 years, the Philippines has a head of state whose electoral mandate
is beyond doubt. He led his closest rival, disgraced former President Joseph
Estrada, by more than 5 million votes.
At his June 30
inauguration, President Aquino spoke to a crowd of half a million Filipinos and
millions more watching on TV. His speech was devoid of lofty political rhetoric
speech and instead was brief and full of candor. His messages resonated loudly
in the hearts and minds of Filipinos who endured 12 years of under two presidents
- Estrada and Gloria Arroyo -- who were both accused of corruption, human
rights abuses and dictatorial proclivities.
President Aquino opened his speech by recognizing his servanthood to the people. He stated his
strength came from the people and that his government exists "to serve and not
lord over" the citizens.
In a country governed for decades by elites and oligarchs, he spoke of simplicity and modesty. And while he himself comes from one of
these elite families, he is divesting himself of the vestiges of entitlement.
Symbolically, he has banned politicians and other members of the elite from driving around with police escorts and blaring sirens. Ordinary Filipinos have long
resented the massive traffic jams from such blatant daily abuse of power.
He won the election on an anti-corruption platform and in his speech identified his
foremost duty as being able "to lift the nation from poverty through honest and
effective governance". This brought positive response from all sectors,
particularly local business, which has long complained of the cost of
corruption to its bottom line.
businessmen are likewise beginning to have confidence in the Philippine
economy. In the past, foreign
direct investment in the Philippines has been very minimal compared with other
countries. The perception has been that investing in the Philippines is high-risk,
financially and politically. Many cite past corruption-tainted projects such as
Manila Airport's Ninoy Aquino Terminal 3 project where Fraport, a German
company was involved, and the NBN-ZTE broadband deal, where a Chinese
telecommunications company was implicated. With renewed confidence from the international and local
business community, the Philippine economy should be able to benefit from the
surging overall vibrancy of the Asia's regional economy.
Then there is the question of the Philippine
military which has indulged in adventurism in past years, including multiple
rebellions and coups during his mother's term. The new President almost lost his life in a 1989 coup
attempt and he still has a bullet lodged in his neck. Former Brigadier General
Danilo Lim, a West Point educated and decorated elite officer, is being
prosecuted for leading a number of alleged destabilization attempts against the
previous Arroyo administration. Quite interestingly, he allied himself with
Aquino -- his former nemesis -- and the now president's party, but the general
failed to win a seat in the Senate at the election.
Many will be
watching how President Aquino will move with peace talks with the communist and
Muslim rebels. But the military now seems intent on following the people's
sentiment, and this can only strengthen the new administration's hand.
tempered the expectations of his people by admitting that the massive problems facing
the Philippines can not be solved overnight and that real remedies could take
years. He appealed to a sense of civic duty all Filipinos to do their share. By
casting himself as a personal example provides the air of hope, optimism and
renewed surge of patriotism among Filipinos, at home and abroad.
government is only days old and it is yet to be seen how the backbone of his presidency-
his Cabinet line-up - will perform. Nonetheless, Filipinos feel reinvigorated.
They have a feeling of euphoria and pride - one that comes from the national
redemption that democracy is resurrected and their dignity has been
Arnel Paciano Casanova is the Executive Director, Asia Society Philippines.