Sri Lanka At a Crossroads

Sri Lanka At a Crossroads

Alan Keenan and the rest of the panel assessed the likelihood of a government victory in Sri Lanka's long-running conflict.

NEW YORK, April 15, 2009 – Will Sri Lanka realize its potential as a
multiethnic democracy, or continue down the destructive path of last 25
years of civil war? Panelists met at Asia Society headquarters to
discuss this question in the context of the current crisis in Sri Lanka
in a program moderated by V.V. Ganeshananthan, author of Love Marriage
(2008) and board member of the South Asian Journalists Association
(SAJA). As the ongoing military operation against the LTTE intensifies,
concerns have been raised about the resulting humanitarian situation
and the likelihood of a lasting political solution.

Alan Keenan,
International Crisis Group's Senior Analyst based in Colombo, noted
that one of the difficulties in addressing the crisis in Sri Lanka is
that it consists of multiple crises overlapping. These range from the
plight of trapped civilians both in the conflict zone and in Internally
Displaced Person Camps with limited access to food, water, and
medicine, to a general problem of governance and the slow collapse of
democratic institutions.

Ahilan Kadirgamar,
spokesperson for the Sri Lanka Democracy Forum, outlined what he
considered necessary components for a post-war solution. These included
gradual demilitarization, the creation of a space for elections,
increased confidence in and rights for minorities, and the devolution
of power to outlying regions. Kadirgamar underscored that Sri Lanka's
history of ethnic discrimination must be addressed, and minorities must
have a stake in power.

One of the major
questions is whether peace will be possible "post-LTTE." Keenan warned
that the acceptance of a "war on terror" framework and the way the war
is being fought—and, perhaps, brought to an end—undermine the outcome
of peace.

Other key issues discussed included the important roles of the Sri
Lankan diaspora community as well as the role of the international
community, particularly the United Nations and other international
organizations.

Reported by Danika Swanson

April 15, 2009
by Stephanie Valera