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India and Pakistan: Back from the Brink?

Boston University Professor Adil Najam (pictured) and C. Raja Mohana, Kissinger Scholar at the Library of Congress, discuss the possible outcomes of India-Pakistan peace talks. (2 min., 10 sec.)
by Jennifer Mattson
4 February 2010

NEW YORK, February 4, 2010 - Progress towards peace is in sight for
India and Pakistan, with the resumption of diplomatic talks, according
to C. Raja Mohan, Kissinger Chair at the Library of Congress. "All indications are the talks are
going to begin pretty soon," he said.

Mohan spoke at a panel discussion at Asia Society New York headquarters, moderated by Robert Templer, Director of the Asia Program at the
International Crisis Group.

The five-year-old peace process was suspended after the November 2008 attacks in Mumbai. Adil Najam, Director
of the Pardee Center at Boston University, was decidedly optimistic.
"The peace process is much less stalled
than we think it is, than it has been historically... unofficial
relations between the countries have been far more positive" than in
the past. 

Najam prescribed a three-step solution to the conflict: One
"get real—both countries have to understand the legitimacy of each
argument," two, "get together—not talking is never a good way to
start talking," and three, "get going—smaller investments in creating
the conditions
for peace have very high dividends."

As for Kashmir, one of the key issues sticking points between India and
Pakistan, Najam said it is "ripe for resolution" but cautioned that "it
is not
without and expiry date." He said, once talks resume both countries
must make concrete steps towards acknowledging the complexity of
Kashmir and the
patchwork of ethnic communities that reside within its borders.

As for US government's involvement in the next round of talks, the
panelists agreed, that India and Pakistan must be allowed to continue
dialogue without American

"I think the table is for two,"
said Mohan. "If you want to put pressure on, be my guest—that's what the Clinton administration did, we got nowhere. Bush kept
out of it, we got somewhere. And I think the Obama administration has
learned its lessons... If you have learned anything from the last 60
years, the maximum progress has been made when the Americans had their
hands off."

Reported by Suzanna Finley