Regional Community Requires More Proactive Approach to Global Leadership
HONG KONG, April 29, 2010 - The western world should
view the rise of Asia as a positive challenge—and not a burden—says Charles Morrison, President of the East West
Speaking at the Asia Society
Hong Kong Center,
Morrison stressed the need for global cooperation. "The challenge is to promote cooperative relations so this rise—which is good for the world as a whole—is something seen by society as healthy
for the world," he said. "It does take Asia and the U.S. working together to do that."
During his career, Morrison has charted the
exponential development of Asia. "I am
actually very optimistic about much of the region. During my own lifetime—I
first came out to Asia in 1969—see how much
better people live, how much healthier and better educated they are, the better
conditions of women, the protection of children. All kinds of things. That is
all very good news."
Center is an education and research organization established by the U.S. Congress to
strengthen relations and understanding between the U.S.,
Asia and the Pacific. Celebrating its 50th
anniversary this year, Morrison is clear that its role remains just as important
today. "It's quite clear how they (trade
and economic issues) relate to government relations. They create more tensions.
China and the U.S. had much less tensions when they were
worried about the Soviet Union than trade
He pointed out that as nations become increasingly
interdependent, new challenges have surfaced. "The world has changed an awful
lot. The irony is increased interdependence could actually create more problems
in international relationships because now Americans do worry about food
standards in China whereas
before 1980 they didn't worry because they didn't import food from China. On the
other hand, their relationship has got so deep, it is difficult to imagine a
serious military, or even, trade war. I think sensible elements on both sides
will prevent that."
Morrison underscored that regional cooperation was
possible on many levels and recognized the benefits of regional institutions
like APEC and ASEAN, noting their positive influence on relations between Asian
nations. "It brings leaders together on a regular basis - once a year - and
those leaders don't want to have a bad outcome, so there is a great desire to
deal with the problems existing and have a nice cooperative statement."
He said these key bodies should address issues, such
as acid rain, at a regional level. "It was a big problem in northern Europe and
was addressed by Europe. It is a big problem
in East Asia and should be addressed in East Asia.
They don't need Americans or Europeans to be in that organization."
Yet he concurred that there were problems that
required much greater collaboration. "Climate change - they can not address
that - that has to be addressed globally. But the region should have its own
dialogue on how to address these issues."
Morrison urged the regional community to take a more
proactive leadership role. "There is a tendency in this part of the world - because
they are largely developing countries - to think in terms of reacting to global
issues rather than in terms of global leadership and that mentality change
needs to take place. To develop Asian ideas about how these issues are to be
resolved and project them in a way not only for Asia's
good but for the global good."
Reported by Penny Tang, Asia Society
Hong Kong Center